HIST 102 Europe 1815-1990: from the Congress of Vienna to German Reunification

Professor: John Fout

CRN: 12122

Time: Tu Th 1:15 pm - 2:45 pm OLIN 204

of related interest: Russian and Eurasian Studies, Victorian Studies
The course has two goals: to provide a general introduction to European History in the period from 1815 to 1990 and at the same time to examine a number of especially important developments in greater depth. The first half of the course will range in time from the Congress of Vienna in 1815 to the outbreak of World War I in 1914. The following issues will be emphasized: the rise of conservative, liberal and socialist thought; the establishment of parliamentary democracy in Great Britain; the revolutions of 1848; Bismarck and the Unification of Germany; European imperialism; and the origins of World War I. The second half of the course will stress the following problems: World War I; the Russian Revolution and the emergence of Soviet Russia; the Versailles Treaty; the Great Depression; the rise of fascism, especially Nazism; the Holocaust; the emergence of a new Europe with the "European Community"; the Cold War; the fall of communism in Eastern Europe; and the reunification of Germany.


HIST 111 The High Middle Ages

Professor: Alice Stroup

CRN: 12259

Time: Tu Th 9:00 am - 10:20 am OLIN 205

Cross-listed: Medieval Studies of related interest: French Studies
The rise of towns is one of many changes that transformed Europe after 1000. The High Middle Ages is an era of cultural flowering, population growth, and political consolidation, occurring between the two cataclysms of Viking invasions and bubonic plague. Primary sources and monographs help us understand this intriguing and foreign world. We will read modern analyses of medieval inventions, heretics in Southern France, the plague, and women's work. We will also examine medieval texts--including anticlerical stories, epic poetry, and political diatribes--to get a contemporary perspective on values and issues.


HIST 134 The Ancient Near East

Professor: Eric Orlin

CRN: 12257

Time: Wed Fri 10:30 am - 12:00 pm OLIN 205

Cross-listed: Classical Studies, Jewish Studies, Religion
The civilizations of ancient Mesopotamia which developed in the Tigris-Euphrates river valley and of Egypt in the Nile river valley are the oldest known to man, dating back prior to 3000 B.C. These two great civilizations were long established as powerful kingdoms before the appearance of other cultures, including the Assyrians, the Israelites, and Persians. The history of the ancient Near East is the story of the continual cultural contact among these civilizations, with each culture developing its own distinctive traits from these interchanges. It is also the story of constant conflict, as each kingdom sought to replace the others as the dominant territorial power. This course will examine these early civilizations, the issues that each society grappled with and the legacy that each left behind. Among the topics to be considered are the origins of "civilization" and its causes; the impact of environment on cultural development; social and political structures; religious beliefs, including the development of monotheism; artistic and cultural achievements; and the reliability of the Old Testament as a historical source. Readings will be drawn from documents left by each society, including the Babylonian Epic of Gilgamesh, the Egyptian Book of the Dead, and the Old Testament.


HIST 216 Immigration, Exclusion, and Community: Asian American History 1850 to 1940

Professor: Mae Ngai

CRN: 12479

Time: Wed 3:00 pm - 6:00 pm OLIN 203

Cross-listed: American Studies, MES
This course examines the first waves of immigrants to the United States from China, Korea, India, and the Philippines in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. It explores the laws and Asiatic movements that arose against these immigrants and their efforts as people in the margins of American society in the first decades of this century to situate the historical development of Asian America in the contexts of both Asia and America. It asks how peoples from diverse Asian countries came to be constructed as Asian Americans and political subjects in the United States. The class will use a variety of historical sources including immigration case files, Supreme Court rulings, oral histories, political cartoons, and other contemporary literature.


HIST 218 Power and Corruption in the Roman Empire

Professor: Eric Orlin

CRN: 12261

Time: Tu Th 2:50 pm - 4:10 pm OLIN 303

Cross-listed: Classical Studies, Italian Studies
This course resumes the introduction to the world of the Roman Empire, covering the period from the peak of its domination of the Mediterranean basin in the middle of the first century B.C.E. to the weakening and passing away of the Roman world in the fourth and fifth centuries C.E. At its height, the Romans controlled one of the largest land empires, stretching from Britain to Egypt and from the Straits of Gibraltar to the Persian Gulf, but at the end they did not even control the city of Rome itself. Our inquiry will attempt to resolve a number of questions about the Roman Empire. How could a people who prided themselves on their hatred of monarchy allow themselves to be ruled by a single man? How could it happen that, as the Roman poet Horace put it, "captured Greece captured her fierce conqueror?" How could a people who were generally tolerant of foreign religions persecute the Christians as they did? How was the most powerful state of its day pushed aside by disorganized "barbarian" tribes? To understand the nature of the changes affecting the Roman world, we will rely heavily on primary texts--history, poetry, letters and novels--and especially on the artistic and archaeological remains from the Roman world. No prior knowledge is necessary; participation in HIST 133 is not required.


HIST 252 Revolutions of Modern China

Professor: Lisa Raphals

CRN: 12266

Time: Tu Th 10:30 am - 11:50 am OLIN 304

Cross-listed: Asian Studies
This course begins with the problems and society of late Imperial China and explores the many revolutions--not all of them political--that led to the formation of modern China as we now know it. We explore the twentieth-century revolutions in China's social, cultural, political, and intellectual life. Topics include the transformation of late traditional Chinese society, the May Fourth movement, Lu Xun and the intellectual life of early twentieth-century China, the Long March and the origins of Chinese communism, the Cultural Revolution, the proliferation of expatriate Chinese communities, and such contemporary problems as the status of human rights and democratic government, free-enterprise zones and their ramifications for the country as a whole, and the growing role of Chinese culture in the world economic, political, and cultural spectrum. Primary sources, read in translation, include philosophy, fiction, and documents dealing with social life. Secondary sources and contemporary scholarship provide an additional perspective on Chinese thought and institutions. Prerequisite: a one-semester course in Chinese history or permission of the instructor.


HIST 262 Science and Utopia in the Grand SiŠcle

Professor: Alice Stroup

CRN: 12262

Time: Tu Th 10:30 am - 12:00 pm OLIN 205

Cross-listed: French Studies of related interest: Gender Studies
What are the implications of science for religious, political, and social institutions? In absolutist France, natural philosophy was turned to both subversive and official purposes. At the salons and academies of Parisian polite society, as well as in expatriate utopian constructs, scientific ideas prompted satirical, relativistic reflection on human nature and inequality, on immortality and divine intention. Focusing on French thought under Louis XIV (1638-1715), we will examine the four crucial utopian works--by Cyrano de Bergerac (1657-1662), Gabriel de Foigny (1676), Bernard Bovier de Fontenelle (1686), and Simon Tyssot de Patot (1713)--as well as works by Ren‚ Descartes, MoliŠre, and Jean de La Fontaine; Sutton's Science in a Polite Society and Harth's Cartesian Women provide context. Comparisons with English Restoration thought are encouraged.


HIST 277 Stalin's Russia: History and Fictions

Professor: Gennady Shkliarevsky / Lindsay Watton

CRN: 12264

Time: Tu Th 10:30 am - 12:30 pm OLIN 204

Cross-listed: Russian and Eurasian Studies
8 credits.

This team-taught interdisciplinary course will consider in depth Soviet Russian culture from the late 1920s to the early 1950s. This historical period witnessed Stalin's ascent to power, the implementation of collectivization and industrialization, political purges, the evolution of the forced-labor-camp system (Gulag) and World War II. In contrast to conventional approaches which treat Stalinism as a political phenomenon and focus on political, social and economic developments of the period, this course will examine Stalinism as a cultural phenomenon. Believing with Max Weber that "man is an animal suspended in the web of meanings that he himself has spun," we will discuss Stalinism as a cultural system which represented a peculiar fusion of tradition and modernity. In addition to social, political and economic aspects, we will explore the ways in which reality was constructed and represented in art, through fiction primarily, although significant attention will be paid to the visual arts, film, architecture, and the aesthetics of public ritual. Our topics will include the relationship between art and propaganda from the early Soviet avant-garde to Socialist Realism, the anti-utopian novel, the theater of the absurd, memoirs and literature of the Gulag, and artistic portrayals of Stalin. We will devote special attention to the purges of the 1930s, both as a political policy and a symbolic eschatological experience which marked the apocalyptic end of the old and the beginning of the new, socialist world, as well as the phenomenon of the cult of personality. No prerequisites. 8 credits, indivisible.


HIST 280B American Environmental History: The Postwar Era

Professor: Mark Lytle

CRN: 12267

Time: Wed Fri 10:30 am - 12:00 pm OLIN 203

Cross-listed: CRES
Through much of Western civilization humans have assumed that God created nature for their purposes. That has led to a drastic alteration of the environment, to the detriment of many species. American society has, in turn, been driven by the assumption that humans can improve on nature. We will look at the past and potential future costs of that assumption. In addition, wilderness and civilization blend a complex web of positive and negative associations, often in dialectical opposition. As civilization advances and wilderness retreats, we have come to question the former and worship the latter. What would it mean to humans in both material and spiritual terms if this defining dialectic were destroyed by the obliteration of wilderness and the values it engenders? This course will look at scientific, philosophical, and artistic systems that have challenged anthropocentric views of the world.


HIST 282 Applying Quantitative Methods to Historical Study: a working seminar

Professor: Joel Perlmann

CRN: 12478

Time: Th 3:40 pm - 5:40 pm

The aim of this course is to provide students with an understanding of the strengths and weaknesses of quantitative approaches to historical problems, and with the actual use of those techniques. Besides readings, students will collect quantitatively-analyzable materials from historical documents (learning something of sampling and research design), learn to use a computer software package of programs useful for manipulating the data they have collected and learn rudiments of analytic techniques: measures of central tendency and dispersion, tabular presentation, odds ratios, the logic of correlation, regression techniques, and statistical inference. Students will be offered a chance to gather and analyze data in connection with historical topics that interest them, as well as in connection with materials the instructor has available on American social life since 1850. By the end of the course, students should be reasonably able consumers of quantitative readings in history and the social sciences. They should be able to consider undertaking quantitative work in their own term papers or senior projects if that seems appropriate to the topic. No background in computers or mathematics is required.


HIST 295 History of Science in China

Professor: Lisa Raphals

CRN: 12268

Time: Tu 1:30 pm - 3:30 pm OLIN 202

Cross-listed: Asian Studies
This course surveys scientific traditions in China by examining traditional ideas about nature and systematic thought about the relation of the human to the natural world. Readings will include both primary texts in translation and secondary sources, some from archives or other not readily accessible sources. The grouping of materials follows the organization of the disciplines by which Chinese investigators described their own studies. Some of these correspond to branches of past or present Western scientific inquiry, for example, astronomy and astrology, harmonics, mathematics, medicine, materia medica (pharmacology), and a broad group of physical studies. Others, such as alchemy and geomancy, have no familiar equivalent. In addition, we explore several important questions of social and intellectual history that relate to the development of scientific thought in China. Who were the scientists of early China, and what were their problems, origins, and interests? Who were the practitioners of medicine, divination, and alchemy? How did foreign contacts affect the history of science and technology in both China and the West? The course does not presuppose prior knowledge of China, science, or the history of science, but previous course work in one of these fields is strongly recommended. Prerequisite: permission of the instructor.


HIST 302 Hollywood's Golden Age

Professor: Mark Lytle

CRN: 12269

Time: Tu 1:30 pm - 3:30 pm OLIN 306

Students will select a single film from what has often been called the golden era of Hollywood, the years from around 1934 to the late 1940s. Over the course of the semester they will write and rewrite a critical and historical analysis of that film as they do research and view other films. In the process they will explore ideas about genre, auteur theory, the studio system, cultural context, and the influence of the Hollywood code. Course is limited to twelve juniors, and preference is given to American studies, history, and film majors.


HIST 365 Unphilosophical Philosophy: Readings in Russian Intellectual History

Professor: Gennady Shkliarevsky

CRN: 12270

Time: Mon 3:40 pm - 5:40 pm OLIN 306

Cross-listed: Russian and Eurasian Studies
Russian nineteenth-century secular thought is the subject of this seminar. Following a brief introduction dealing with the modernization of Russia and the origin of Russian secular thought and of the intelligentsia, the class will focus on the major trends and personalities in nineteenth-century Russian thought. Topics include continuity and change in Russian culture, debates between Westernizers and Slavophiles, revolutionary populism, and socialism. Extensive readings are the basis of weekly discussions and include works by Chaadaev, Gogol, Herzen, Tolstoy, Chernyshevsky, Dostoevsky, and Lenin and contemporary studies of the Russian intellectual tradition.