PS 113 Chasing Progress

Professor: S. Baruah

CRN: 92395

Distribution: C

Time: M W 10:30 am - 11:50 am OLIN 204

of related interest: MES
The study of economic development of the Third World has gone through several intellectual phases. The first generation of scholars viewed the process somewhat optimistically as the global extension of modernity or capitalism. Neo-Marxist critics tried to locate Third World underdevelopment in the history of colonialism and in the persistence of structures of dependency of Third World countries. There is now a tendency to get away from general theories of development or underdevelopment and to distinguish among various paths to progress. The scholarly uncertainties reflect dilemmas facing development planners. Although development has produced many gains, it does not automatically improve people's conditions, and sometimes segments of the poor even lose their traditional entitlements during the process of development. Yet no one has made a persuasive case for ameliorating poverty and hunger without development. The course will introduce students to problems of Third World development and to debates on development among scholars and development planners.

PS 242 The Constitution and The State

Professor: J. Kahn

CRN: 92396

Distribution: A/C

Time: Tu Th 10:30 am - 11:50 am OLIN 202

Cross-listed: American Studies
This course will examine the Constitution as it structures relations of power and authority among the three branches of the national government and between the national government and the state. We will examine the nature of judicial review, the limits of Congress's authority under the Commerce Clause, and the development of presidential power in the national security state. Prerequisite: college-level background in American politics or permission of the instructor.

PS 249 Dreams of Perfectibility, Part 1: The Quest for a Moral Foreign Policy from Jefferson to FDR

Professor: J. Chace

CRN: 92408

Distribution: C

Time: M 1:20 pm - 3:20 pm OLIN 203

Cross-listed: American Studies, History
Students must commit themselves to enroll in both this course and PS 295, "Dreams of Perfectability, Part 2: The Cold War from FDR to Bush,"* over a full academic year. From the early days of the Republic, America's intense drive for absolute security has shaped our history and national character. Americans have, of course, gone to war for a variety of specific reasons--to expand their territory for economic gain, in response to affronts to their national honor and territorial integrity, to secure their nation's role as the guardian of freedom and the promoter of democratic values. Moreover, the overarching response to America's need to counter real or imagined foreign threats has been the use of unilateral action as the surest method of achieving national security. But American foreign policy has always been justified by appeals to American exceptionalism. America as an exemplar or as a crusader--these are the moral poles of U.S. foreign policy. Yet no American foreign policy can be successful in long term without a moral component. Should America have a democratizing mission? What are the consequences of this search for perfectionism in an imperfect world?

*Spring 1998: PS, Dreams of Perfectability, Part 2: The Cold War from FDR to Bush. Immediately after the Second World War, a clash of ideologies developed into a Cold War between the two victors, the United States and Soviet Russia. To what extent was this a moral struggle and to what degree, a classic conflict of great powers. This course will analyze the direction of American foreign policy during an era that has been characterized as a pax americana. It will also make use of new material dealing with the Soviet approach to the postwar world by studying excerpts from recently released Soviet archives. The Cold War also traces a trajectory from American predominance to American decline, from Soviet assertion as a superpower to the collapse of the Soviet Union. The end of the Cold War paradoxically marks the end of the superpower phenomenon.

PS 262 Environment, Law and Culture

Professor: J. Kahn

CRN: 92409

Distribution: A/C

Time: Tu Th 2:50 pm - 4:10 pm OLIN 205

Cross-listed: American Studies, CRES
of related interest: MES

How, why, and to what extent should the American legal system protect the natural environment? If it protects the natural environment, should it also protect aspects of the human-made environment? This course will begin by exploring the logic of preservation underlying the laws protecting endangered species, wilderness, and national parks. We will move beyond environmental law itself to consider such issues as what is wilderness? what makes a natural wonder different from a cultural or human-made wonder? what makes either, or both, deserving of preservation? To address these questions we will compare the logic of environmental preservation laws with laws protecting historic buildings and historic artifacts such as the Elgin Marbles. Finally, we will consider whether distinct cultural communities can or should be accorded legal protection on a par with natural communities.

PS 272 Topics in Public Policy

Professor: O. Levin-Waldman

CRN: 92410

Distribution: C

Time: Tu 3:30 pm - 6:00 pm OLIN 304

The course will explore a variety of topics in public policy analysis including policy formation, implementation and evaluation. The course will focus on the process by which policy is formulated--the interaction of policy entrepreneurs, interest groups, politicians and public officials--as well as issues involving the politics of policy choice. Why do some policy alternatives become more viable than others? We will look at structural variables such as the constitutional system that define the limits of policy debate. The course will examine the relationship between social science methods and policy analysis. With the use of social science methods does policy analysis become a neutral enterprise or are these methods used to promote particular ideological and political agendas?

PS 351 Have Political Words Lost Their Meaning?

Professor: D. Kettler

CRN: 92411

Distribution: C

Time: Tu 1:20 pm - 3:20 pm OLIN 303

What do words like Citizen, Democracy, Dictatorship, Politics, Rights, Regulations, and State mean in the Age of Globalization? Some recent widely-read books maintain that the language that has organized and oriented political action since the sixteenth century is being fundamentally disrupted by current trends of globalization and localized religious and/or ethnic militancies. This course opens with a consideration of the theoretical issues in such a claim, drawing on James Boyd White and J. G. A. Pockok, among others. Students then read some writers representative of the current dispute, including Saskia Sassen, Benjamin Barber, and Samuel Huntington. After midyear, classes will be devoted to theoretically-informed case studies prepared by students in the course. No examination.

PS 352 Individual and Community in American Political Life

Professor: J. Kahn

CRN: 92412

Distribution: C

Time: M 3:30 pm - 5:30 pm OLIN 308

Cross-listed: American Studies, History, MES
This course will examine how individuals come to see themselves as political actors through identification with larger associations or groups. Through a series of historical case studies ranging from the late nineteenth century to the present, we will explore how awareness of race, class, gender, and authenticity shape political identity and inspire political action. Topics may include the urban political machine, women's suffrage, labor in the Depression, the civil rights movement, the New Left, the Moral Majority, and contemporary feminism. Prerequisite: college-level background in American politics or American history, or permission of the instructor.

PS 355 Power Politics

Professor: J. Chace

CRN: 92413

Distribution: C

Time: W 10:30 am - 12:30 pm OLIN 304

An Upper College seminar. The realist tradition in international relations has long been central to the method by which rulers and policy-makers deal with the foreign policy of the state. This seminar will concentrate on analyzing the classic works of the so-called realist tradition. Readings will include selections from Thucydides, Machiavelli, Hobbes, Hume, Lorenzo de Medici, Harold Nicolson, Hajo Holborn, Henry Kissinger, Hamilton and Madison, E. H. Carr, George Kennan, Walter Lippmann, Reinhold Niebuhr, and Hans Morgenthau. We will combine our analysis of theory with a historical study of power politics from 1815 to 1940. In this context, we will examine the exercise of the balance of power in Europe and the Wilsonian tradition in twentieth-century America.

PS 383 Colonialism

Professor: S. Baruah

CRN: 92414

Distribution: C

Time: Tu 10:30 am - 12:30 pm OLIN 309

of related interest: MES Colonialism in a general sense is as old as history. In this course, however, our concern will be more specific: the conquest of Africa and Asia by European powers. The experience is constitutive of the "modern" world; the countries that we now call the Third World are almost all former colonies, and they participate in a global economy, global political arrangements, and a global culture. The course will provide an introduction to the history of European expansion into these areas and the debates on the impact of colonialism. We will consider arguments defending colonialism on grounds such as extending the benefits of civilization, critiques of colonialism by nationalist intellectuals, and theoretical writings on the subject ranging from J. A. Hobson, Joseph Schumpeter, and V. I. Lenin to contemporary works on "postcoloniality."